Today in History
The Oregon coast, at a point now called Otter Rock, is first sighted by explorer Captain James Cook. He observed:"The land appeared to be of a moderate height, diversified with hills and valleys, and almost everywhere covered with wood. There was, however, no very striking object on any part of it, except one hill, whose elevated summit was flat."
In a three-hour speech to the U.S. Senate, Daniel Webster endorsed the Compromise of 1850 as a means of preserving the Union.
Birth of Joseph Lee, inventor and "Father of the American playground movement," who introduced the first contemporary neighborhood playground in the U.S.
Composer Maurice Ravel was born in Ciboure, France.
Alexander Graham Bell received a patent for the telephone.
Dr. John Kellogg served the world's first cornflakes -- an unsweetened variety -- to his patients in Battle Creek, Mich. In 1906, his brother, Will Keith Kellogg, added sugar to the recipe and began marketing them as a breakfast food.
The first successful trans-Atlantic radio-telephone conversation took place between New York and London.
Adolf Hitler ordered his troops to march into the Rhineland, thereby breaking the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Pact.
U.S. forces crossed the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany, during World War II.
The U.S. Senate voted to limit filibusters by adopting the cloture rule, meaning that 60 senators could limit debate in most cases, instead of the previously required two-thirds of the senators present.
Scientists discovered a ring around Jupiter while examining photographs taken by the Voyager 1 spacecraft. The rings of Saturn had been known since 1610. Astronomers had recognized rings around Uranus in 1977.
The Supreme Court ruled that parodies that poke fun at an original work can be considered "fair use" that doesn't require permission from the copyright holder.