Today in History
English poet John Milton, best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost, was born in London.
The first recorded sermon on American soil and the first printed there was preached by deacon Robert Cushman, a leader from Leyden, the Dutch city where the Puritans previously lived. The sermon was titled, "A Sermon Preached at Plimmoth in New England, December 9, 1621 in an Assemblie of his Majesties faithful Subjects, there inhabiting. Wherein is shewed the danger of selfe love, and the sweetnesse of true Friendship. Together with a Preface, shewing the state of the Country, and Condition of the Savages."
Scottish missionary explorer David Livingstone, 27, set sail on his first journey to Africa. (He had been accepted to serve under the London Missionary Society two years earlier.)
The poem "The Charge of the Light Brigade" by Alfred, Lord Tennyson, was published in England.
The first U.S. stamp to show a bicycle in its design was issued. This blue 10-cent Special Delivery "Messenger on Bicycle" stamp showed in a small way how technology was coming in America's future, because it replaced earlier issues of a design showing a "running" messenger.
Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill, the American politician served as the Speaker of the U.S House of Representatives for 11 years, was born in an Irish middle-class area of Cambridge, Massachusetts. He is famously remembered for his quote "all politics is local."
British troops opened their first major offensive in North Africa during World War II.
Robert H.W. Welch Jr. and 11 other men met in Indianapolis to form the anti-Communist John Birch Society.
Solidarity founder Lech Walesa won Poland's presidential runoff by a landslide.