Today in History
240 BC: Eratosthenes, a Greek astronomer and mathematician, estimated the circumference of the earth.
Birth of James VI of Scotland. Upon the death of Elizabeth I in 1603, he also ascended the English throne as James I. He is best remembered for authorizing the publication known today as the 'King James Version' (KJV) of the Bible.
English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island, North Carolina, after failing to establish England's first permanent settlement in America.
Mathematician and physicist Blaise Pascal was born at Clermont, France.
Slavery was outlawed in U.S. territories.
Baseball Hall of Famer Lou Gehrig was born in New York City.
Father's Day was celebrated for the first time, in Spokane, Washington.
During World War I, King George V ordered the British royal family to dispense with its German-sounding surname, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. The family took the name Windsor.
"Cheerios" whole grain oat cereal (originally named "Cheerie Oats") was invented to provide a more convenient and better tasting alternative to cooked oatmeal.
The Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland's constitution requiring state officeholders to profess a belief in God.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was approved after surviving an 83-day Senate filibuster
The Trans-Alaska Pipeline began carrying oil from the Arctic Ocean to Prince William Sound.
The Supreme Court struck down a Louisiana law requiring any public school teaching the theory of evolution to teach creationism as well.
Britain's Prince Edward married commoner Sophie Rhys-Jones in Windsor, England.
The Supreme Court, in a 6-3 ruling, barred officials from letting students lead stadium crowds in prayer before football games.